Taking Legal Action Against a School UK

Taking Legal Action Against a School UK

When it comes to the education of our children, ensuring they receive a safe, fair, and high-quality educational experience is paramount. However, there are instances where schools may fall short of their legal and ethical obligations, leading parents and guardians to consider taking legal action.

Whether addressing discrimination, managing issues related to Special Educational Needs (SEN), or dealing with negligence, the decision to take legal action against a school is significant. This article explores crucial aspects of a school’s duty of care, various grounds for legal action, and the procedural steps involved in pursuing a case. Let’s get started.

A School’s Duty of Care in the UK

The UK’s legal framework specifies a school’s responsibility for the safety and welfare of its students and staff. This duty of care, a legal obligation, necessitates that schools actively work to prevent accidents and ensure that foreseeable injuries are avoided through vigilant supervision and rigorous safety protocols.

Duty of Care to Students

The duty of care to students is a framework designed to protect children at school or on school trips, which are an extension of the school’s environment. It mandates an effective system of supervision and preventive measures proportionate to the age and needs of the pupils.

Risk assessments are critical to this duty, calling for schools to identify potential dangers associated with various activities, from using playground equipment to handling chemicals during science experiments.

Duty of Care to Staff and Teachers

Similarly, the duty of care extends to the educators and support staff, who play a vital role in the school’s ecosystem. Under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASWA), school employers must take reasonable steps to ensure a safe working environment for their employees.

This includes protecting them from harm and providing sufficient training and aid to execute their functions safely. Should a school fail in this duty, and a staff member suffer injury due to negligence, there may be grounds for legal action.

Grounds for Taking Legal Action Against a School

You can take legal action against a school on diverse grounds. These include:


Discrimination can occur in many forms in schools, such as treatment based on race, gender, disability or religion. If a student or staff member believes they have experienced practices, this could violate the Equality Act 2010. Initially, filing a complaint with the school’s governing body is advised. 

However, if the issue remains unresolved through the school’s complaints procedure, consulting with a solicitor for options might be necessary.

Bullying and Harassment

Bullying and harassment within the school can have a profound influence on a child’s education and well-being. Schools are expected to take proactive steps to prevent such behaviour and to address it promptly when it occurs.

Parents should consider taking legal action if a school’s action or inaction in response to bullying is lacking. Support from local authorities or organisations like Citizens Advice can guide how to proceed.

Special Educational Needs (SEN) Negligence

Schools must provide appropriate support to children with Special Educational Needs. If a school is unable or unwilling to provide this support, resulting in a child’s unmet needs, this could be seen as negligence.

Parents can seek advice from SEN legal experts and may be able to sue the school for failing in their duty of care.

Failure to Meet Educational Standards

Parents trust schools to ensure a level of education for their children. If a school consistently falls short in delivering this standard, whether due to teaching or insufficient resources, it can be grounds for complaint. Ongoing failure in meeting standards might result in action, often following an evaluation or intervention by regulatory bodies.

Negligence Causing Injury

If a child suffers an injury at school due to the organisation’s negligence, such as unsafe premises or inadequate supervision, this could lead to a personal injury claim. In such cases, consulting with legal professionals who specialise in personal injury is advisable to determine the best course of action.

Breach of Contract

In private schools, a contract often governs the relationship between the school and parents. A breach of contract claim may be appropriate if the school fails to fulfil the agreed-upon terms, be it educational commitments or other services. Lawyers often offer initial consultations to explore if the case has merit.

Exclusions and Suspensions

When it comes to excluding or suspending students from school, it is crucial to consider this as a resort and follow legal procedures. If parents feel that an exclusion or suspension has been unfairly imposed, they may have the option to challenge the decision.

Data Protection Breaches

Schools handle sensitive data and must stick to strict data security regulations. If a breach occurs and personal information is compromised, those affected can make a complaint to the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) and may seek legal redress.

Religious and Cultural Rights

Respecting student’s religious and cultural rights is essential for schools, which should enable them to practice their beliefs without facing prejudice. If a school fails to accommodate these rights or penalises students for exercising them, it could be considered a violation that warrants action.

When considering any of these situations, seeking advice from experienced education law solicitors is always recommended. They can help navigate the system and provide guidance on specific time limits for filing claims.

Process of Taking Legal Action Against a School in the UK

Undertaking legal action against a school in the UK involves a structured and legally compliant approach. It’s crucial to first engage with the school’s internal complaint procedures. This generally entails formally presenting your issue in accordance with the school’s established policy.

In cases where the complaint remains unresolved, the subsequent step could involve contacting the local education authority or the Department for Education, especially if the school is publicly funded.

Private schools have different governing bodies, and a different approach might be required. During this phase, documentation of all communications and incidents is essential, as it will support your case should you proceed further.

If none of these options work, seeking legal assistance from a solicitor specialising in education law is suggested. They can offer guidance tailored to your situation, including whether your case can proceed to litigation

Typically, the solicitor will assess the complaint’s merits, the likelihood of victory, and the potential expenses involved. If you initiate a lawsuit against the school, your legal team will assist in case preparation. This may include gathering additional evidence, consulting experts, and submitting the required legal paperwork.

How Gulbenkian Andonian Solicitors Can Help

If you’re considering taking legal action against a school, we at Gulbenkian Andonian Solicitors are here to support you. Our experienced legal team is ready to advise you through the complex legal landscape.

We recognise that each case is unique. Therefore, we provide individualised counsel geared to your specific needs. Whether it’s a matter of SEN negligence, discrimination, or any other educational legal issue, we’re committed to providing you with clear legal advice and robust representation.

Reach out to us for an initial consultation. Our approach is to listen to your concerns attentively, thoroughly examine your case, and collaborate with you to build a plan to reach the best possible outcome. 

Contact our team today, and let us advocate on behalf of you and your child’s educational future.


Before taking any legal action, you should attempt to resolve your problem with the school through its internal complaints procedure. This will typically involve raising the issue initially with your child’s class teacher or the headteacher, then escalating it to the school’s governing body if necessary. 

If a child has been injured at school and you believe that the school was negligent, you may sue the school for personal injury. It is advisable to get in touch with a claim lawyer before you proceed to understand if the case is valid. 

The types of complaints that can be made against a school can vary widely, from issues related to bullying or discrimination to complaints about the quality of education being provided, the conduct of staff, or the school’s approach to special education needs and disabilities.

Before deciding to sue a school, you should get clear legal advice on the prospects of success, the potential costs (which can be significant, especially if you lose), and the likely time frames involved. You should also consider how you want to achieve and whether there might be better alternatives to legal action, such as mediation or an appeal to the independent school’s adjudicator.

In the United Kingdom, an adult has three years from the day of the incident or the date the injury became known to file a claim against a school. The process must begin for children before their 18th birthday; if no claim is initiated, the standard three-year limit starts once the child turns 18.

Apart from education educational law disputes, our legal team at Gulbenkian Andonian Solicitors specialises in a broad range of dispute and litigation areas, including commercial litigation, employer settlement disputes, family disputes, medical negligence, defamation, property disputes, and issues related to contract law. 

Ask our Expert Legal Team

At Gulbenkian Andonian, we pride ourselves on “Excellence, Experience and Efficiency”. With over 35 years of experience on your side, our team of London based lawyers and solicitors have a wealth of experience advising individuals, families and businesses of all sizes to find clarity on UK law.

Call us on +44 (0) 207 269 9590 or fill out the form below. We usually reply within a few hours.

    Share This Post


    Neither Gulbenkian Andonian Solicitors ltd, nor their employees, agents, consultants or assignees, accept any liability based on the contents of written articles which are meant for guidance only and not as legal advice. We advise all readers to take professional advice before acting. If you would like to consult with a professional lawyer or solicitor to discuss your case, please do not hesitate to contact us directly. This site uses reCAPTCHA and is protected by the Google privacy policy and terms of service.